The Greenhouse Gas protocol provides the most widely recognised accounting standards for greenhouse gas emissions. It provides a framework for businesses, governments, and other entities to measure and report their greenhouse gas emissions in ways that support their missions and goals.

Last updated: 2024-04-04

Let's break down the different types of emissions related to a company's activities, known as scopes 1, 2, and 3, in a way that's easy to understand. In simple terms, Scope 1 is about the emissions a company directly makes, Scope 2 is about the emissions from the energy it uses, and Scope 3 includes all other emissions related to its activities, from the goods it purchases to the services it uses. You can read more about the GHG protocol here.

Scope 1 - Direct Emissions

Direct Emissions These are the emissions that come directly from sources a company owns or controls . Think of it like the exhaust from the cars in a company's fleet, assuming those cars run on fuel and not electricity.

Scope 2 - Indirect Emissions from Purchased Energy

This category is about the emissions that come from producing the energy a company uses. It's not about the emissions from the company's own activities, but from the places that generate the electricity or other forms of energy the company uses, like the power plant that lights up a company's offices.


Scope 3 - All Other Indirect Emissions

This includes everything from the production of the products the company buys, to their use, and even disposal. If a company buys products from a supplier, the emissions from making those products are considered Scope 3. It's like looking at the full picture of a company's impact, from start to finish, across its entire value chain.